Cows’ Waste As Source of Biogas Productions – Indonesia is famous for its abundant energy sources. Nevertheless, those sources will vanish slowly but surely due to the nation’s lack of ability to optimize them. Explorations and distributions of crude oil always seem to be continuous problems.
Crude oil, a fuel which has been in use for daily household needs by Indonesians, has now become a concerned phenomenon due to its rare day-to-day productions. Moreover, the government has applied a new policy of replacing crude oil with gas.
Animal and household wastes can be used as renewable alternative energy sources, called organic wastes, which are cheap, handy, and eco-friendly.
Alternative energy is all types of energy without fossil fuels to maintain the availability of energy for citizens. Biogas is applicable for vehicle and gas fuels, gas alternatives, and power plants.
Meanwhile, cows, of which meat is an endless commodity business due to its worldwide consumption, are the most commonly bred cattles giving rise to the daily increase of cows’ waste.
Such waste will get even more day to day and cause terrible environmental impacts if it is improperly disposed of. Therefore, making use of cows’ waste as a biogas source is the best policy. It turns out that the polluted cows’ waste has become a useful energy source for humans.
Cows’ waste contains methane gas (CH4 ) that can be processed into a gas type called biogas, a renewable fuel from cows’ waste decompositions, which can be a great choice to supply the household needs, such as cooking and electricity power. Its production is done through an anaerobic fermentation where the cows’ waste is inserted and abandoned in a non-oxygen area. Then, the anaerobic bacteria will automatically appear to break the cows’ waste organic molecules to become methane, carbon dioxide, a little monoxide carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen.